Turkey Travel Guide

Republic of Turkey (Turkiye)
Turkey (used to be called Anatolia) located in between three continents of the old world (Asia, Africa and Europe) is closest to each other, where Asia and Europe meet. Turkey actually called the Republic of Turkey since 1923

The surface area of Turkey including the lakes is 814,578 km² / 314,503 sq. miles. Out of the total land, 97% is located in Asia and; 3% is in Europe which is called Thrace.

Religion 97% Islam

The population is 80,000 million.

The capital is Ankara

The currency Turkish Lira

The Language is Turkish.

Politics: Secular democracy

The time difference is +GMT2

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was founder of the Republic of Turkey, now buried in the capital called Ankara

Epic History
From the beginning of Human History to the present day, Turkey has world famous ruins and monuments. Anatolia is the home of History from the world’s first town Catal Hoyuk to the Trojans, Hittites, Ionians, Phrygians, Alexander the Great, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman empires.

Turkish Culture

Turkey is also quite unique in that Turkish culture is a mixture of Asian, Ottoman, Greek and western influences. Turkish culture is welcoming to strangers and quite friendly.

The Mediterranean Coast enjoys hot summers and relatively mild winters. The Black Sea coast is hot and humid in summer, and cold and wet in winter. The northwest and Istanbul can be balmy in summer but chilly in winter.

Private health insurance is essential for anyone planning to visit Turkey, no matter how short the stay.

Turkish Cuisine
Wherever you go in Turkey there is always tasty food to eat, including street food such as bread rings covered in sesame seeds; deep fried mussels with a garlic rich sauce; warm roasted almonds and pistachio nuts; pastries bathed in syrup; divine milky desserts and chewy ice creams.

In the many restaurants and street cafés you can dine in style eggplants stuffed, grilled or fried in endless ways; tangy salads and yoghurt dips strongly flavored with garlic.

Every town and city has a market where you will find a wealth of fresh seasonal produce, such as plump olives and crunchy pickles, fresh figs, ruby red pomegranates, juicy ripe peaches, pungent spices, and fresh leafy herbs, which are sold like bunches of flowers.

Domestic Flights
There is national air company (Turkish airlines) and Private as well as. With the starting of Private airlines serving domestic destinations, air transportation has become cheaper and new cities are being served.

Bus Transportation in Turkey
Bus is the main public transportation mean in Turkey. It is cheap and frequent. Some bus companies have very modern buses in their fleet; the comfort level varies greatly from one company to another. There are only a handful of companies in Turkey that would be comfortable for a Western traveler.

Rail travel
Turkey’s economic policies of using highways as the main mode of transportation has resulted in lack of progress in Railways. Trains are mostly outdated and routes are limited. The only lines worth mentioning are Istanbul Ankara lines with sleeping cars or couchettes and Istanbul-Izmir line which includes a boat trip to Bandirma and then taking the train from Bandirma to Izmir.